Art Tatum, born in , overcame the disadvantage of being blind in one eye and having very limited vision in the other to become the pianist held in the. The Tatum Group Masterpieces, Vol. 8, an Album by Art Tatum. Released 12 October on Pablo (catalog no. ; CD). Genres: Stride, Cool Jazz. One of the greatest jazz sessions ever recorded. There are no weak links here: each player is the 20th century master of his instrument. Listen to the educated. The Tatum Group Masterpieces, Volume Eight is an album by pianist Art Tatum and tenor saxophonist Ben Webster, with Red Callender on double bass and Bill .
Arthur Tatum Jr. Tatum is considered one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. Critic Scott Yanow wrote, "Tatum's quick reflexes and boundless imagination kept his improvisations filled with fresh and sometimes futuristic ideas that put him way ahead of his contemporaries.
Tatum's mother, Mildred Hoskins, was born in Martinsville, Virginia aroundand in Toledo was a domestic worker.
From infancy, Tatum had impaired vision. Accounts vary on whether Tatum's parents played any musical instruments, but it is likely that he was exposed at an early age to church music, including through the Grace Presbyterian Church that his parents attended. Although piano was the most obvious application of his mental and physical skills, he also had an encyclopedic memory for Major League Baseball statistics. Tatum drew inspiration from the pianists James P.
Johnson and Fats Wallerwho exemplified the stride piano style, and from the more modern Earl Hinessix years Tatum's senior. Tatum identified Waller as his biggest influence, while pianist Teddy Wilson and saxophonist Eddie Barefield suggested that one of his favorite jazz pianists was Hines. After regular club dates, Tatum would decamp to after-hours clubs to hang out with other musicians; he enjoyed listening to other pianists and preferred to play last, after all the others had played.
It fsx p 3c orion edgesuite musicians reconsider their definitions of excellence, of what was possible. Invocalist Adelaide Hall was touring the United States with two pianists. Tatum's only known child, Orlando, was born when Tatum was twenty-four. Tatum's first solo piano job in New York was at the Onyx Club. During the hard economic times of andTatum mostly played in clubs in Cleveland, but also recorded in New York four times in and once in the following year.
At the end of his first Three Deuces stint, Tatum travelled by train to California. Tatum recorded 16 tracks in Augustbut they were not released for at least a decade. He was, though, able to make an adequate living from his art tatum group masterpieces games performances. All of Tatum's studio recordings in were with the trio, and radio appearances continued.
Tatum began to play in more formal jazz concert settings in the mids — appearing at concert halls in towns and universities all around the United States. Tatum's trio — this time with Stewart and Everett Barksdale — recorded in ; this was the pianist's only studio recordings between the Art tatum group masterpieces games session and late in Granz, who owned a record label, decided to record Tatum's solo playing in a way that was "unprecedented in the recording industry: Granz also recorded Tatum with a selection of other stars in 7 more recording sessions, which led to 59 tracks being released.
Nevertheless, the releases renewed attention on the pianist, including for a newer generation; he won the DownBeat critics' poll for pianists three years in a row, from Tatum and Ruby divorced early in Following a health warning, he stopped drinking in and lost weight.
His was buried at Rosedale Cemetery in Los Angeles  but was moved by his wife, Geraldine, to the Great Art tatum group masterpieces games of the Glendale Forest Lawn Cemetery in  so she could be buried next to him. His headstone was left at Rosedale to commemorate where he was first laid to rest. Tatum was independent-minded and generous with his time and money. Tatum's repertoire mainly consisted of music from the Great American SongbookTin Pan AlleyBroadway, and popular music of the s, s, and s.
He added pieces to his repertoire over time. Art tatum group masterpieces games also recorded around a dozen blues during his career. He wrote a small number of compositions.
Simple decorative techniques became complex harmonic sweeps of colour; traditional repetitive patterns became areas of unpredictable and ever-changing shifts of rhythm. He could apply the letter black my disease google variation techniques simultaneously, and used subtle rhythmic intensification and manual 3d&t defensores de toquio games to give clear identity and shape to his phrases.
Tatum had a different way of improvising from what is typical in modern jazz. He worked some of the upper extensions of chords into his lines, a practice which art tatum group masterpieces games further developed by Bud Powell and Charlie Parkerwhich in turn was an influence on the development of "modern jazz". Art tatum group masterpieces games to the s, Tatum's "style was directly related to the form of the typical popular song, which was usually two bars of active melody followed by two relatively stationary bars, and it was those second two-bar phrases that Tatum used for his stunning runs.
In the art tatum group masterpieces games, however, Tatum began to expand the runs beyond those open two bars, to lengths of eight or more bars, and sometimes crossing over the natural eight-bar segments of the song. Musicologist Lewis Porter identifies three aspects of Tatum's playing that a casual listener might miss: His protean style combined stride, jazz, swing, boogie-woogie, and classical elements.
Saxophonist Benny Green wrote that Tatum was the only jazz musician to "attempt to conceive a style based upon all styles, to master the mannerisms of all schools, and then synthesize those into something personal. He was not inclined toward understatement or expansive use of space. He seldom played in a simplified way, preferring interpretations that displayed his great technique and clever harmonizations.
Keith Jarrett criticized Tatum for playing too many notes,  was too ornamental and "unjazzlike". If you don't like his ornament, you should be listening to someone else.
That's where his genius is. The sounds that Tatum produced with the piano were also distinctive. Among the musicians who said that Tatum could make a bad piano sound good were Billy Taylor  and Gerald Wiggins. He used the sustain pedal sparingly so that each note was clearly articulated, chords were cleanly sounded and the melodic line would not be blurred.
For critic Martin Williamsthere was also the matter "of Tatum's sly, redeeming, pianistic humor. Time and again, when we fear he is reaching the limits of romantic bombast, a quirky phrase, an art tatum group masterpieces games ornament will remind us that Tatum art tatum group masterpieces games be having us on. He is also inviting us to share the joke and heartily kidding himself as well as the concert hall traditions to which he alludes.
Balliett commented: No pianist has ever hit notes more beautifully. Each one — no matter how fast the tempo — was light and complete and resonant, like the letters on a finely printed page. Vast lower-register chords were unblurred, and his art tatum group masterpieces games notes were polished silver.
His speed and precision were almost shocking. Flawless sixteenth-note runs poured up and down the keyboard, each note perfectly accented, and the chords and figures in the left hand sometimes sounded two-handed. Such virtuosity can he an end in itself, and Tatum was delighted to let it be in his up-tempo flag-wavers, when he spectacularly became a high-wire artist, a scaler of Everests. Tatum's bedrock sense of rhythm enabled him to play out-of-tempo interludes or whole choruses that doubled the impact of the implied beat, and his harmonic sense — his strange, multiplied chords, still largely unmatched by his followers, his laying on of two and three and four melodic levels at once — was orchestral and even symphonic.
Tatum's technique was marked by a calm physical demeanor and efficiency. The apparently effortless gliding of his hands, even during virtuosic passages, stunned his contemporaries. Using self-taught fingering, including an array of two-fingered runs, he executed the pyrotechnics with meticulous accuracy and timing. Tatum also displayed phenomenal independence of the hands and ambidexterity, which was particularly evident while improvising counterpoint. Drummer Bill Douglasswho played with Tatum, reported that the pianist could stretch to tenths and would "do runs with these two fingers up here and then the other two fingers of the same hand playing something else down there.
Two fingers on the black keys, and then the other two fingers would be playing something else on the white keys. He could do that in either hand". Jazz historian and commentator Ira Gitler declared that Tatum's "left hand was the equal of his right. Tatum used a relatively flat-fingered technique compared to the curvature taught in art tatum group masterpieces games training; a observer wrote that, when playing, "Tatum's hand is almost perfectly horizontal, and his fingers seem to actuate around a horizontal line drawn from wrist to finger tip.
And he showed me how to keep my fingers flat on the keys to get that clean tone. Tatum was said to be more spontaneous and creative in free-form nocturnal sessions than in his scheduled performances. Critical opinion differs widely when assessing Tatum's influence. His improvisational style extended what was possible on jazz piano.
Herbie Hancock described Tatum's tone as "majestic" and devoted time to unlocking this sound. Transcriptions of Tatum are popular and are often practiced assiduously.
When Tatum walked into a club where Fats Waller was playing, Waller stepped away from the piano to make way for him, announcing, "I only play the piano, but tonight God baby cris contracted movies in the house.
After the young Peterson was persuaded that it was performed by a single person, he was so intimidated that he did not touch the piano for weeks. Jazz pianist Kenny Barron commented, "I have every record [Tatum] ever made—and I try never to listen to them If I did, I'd throw up my hands and give up! When I want to feel really insignificant. He's a good guy to play for any musician, you know. He'll make them want to go home and burn their instruments. Art Tatum is absolutely the most incredible musician.
There is little published information available about Tatum's life. As a consequence, not only is Tatum underrepresented in jazz criticism but his presence in jazz historiography seems largely to prompt no particular effort in historians beyond descriptive writing designed to summarize his pianistic approach.
The adjective "Tatum-esque" has come to be used by writers who wish to compare a pianist's playing with that of Tatum. Inan MIT student in the field of computational musicology coined the term " tatum ", which was named in recognition of the pianist's speed. Ina historical marker was placed outside Tatum's childhood home at City Park Avenue in Toledo, but by the unoccupied property was in a state of disrepair. Tatum recorded commercially from until near his death. He recorded nearly titles, if art tatum group masterpieces games and informal issued recordings are included.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Art Tatum. Medical Profiles of Jazz Greats. His recording of "Shout" was included in the soundtrack of the film The Great Debaters. More than two-thirds of the pianists surveyed put Tatum at the top of the list.
Gene Lees conducted a similar poll thirty years later, and again Tatum dominated the results. Art Tatum at ".
Made in the EU. LC Rights Society: Add Review. Add a Video. Add to List. Group Masterpieces Vol. Blues In C. Under A Blanket Of Blue. Blues In B Flat. A Foggy Day. Street Of Dreams. Makin' Whopee. Old Fashioned Lady. Blues In My Heart. My Blue Heaven. Hands Across The Table. You'Re Mine, You. Night And Day. I Won't Dance. In A Sentimental Mood. The Moon Is Low. Moon Song. You Took Advantage Of Me. This Can't Be Love. I Surrender, Dear. I Won't Dance Alt. In A Sentimental Mood Alt.
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